Diabetes is a condition in which there is an increased amount of sugar in the blood. The main factor that plays a role in diabetes is insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is secreted by the pancreas to control the levels of sugar present in the blood. There are two distinct types of diabetes. In Type 1, the body is unable to produce insulin. This type is more common in young children and teens. In Type 2, the body does produce insulin but it is at lower levels or the body may completely reject the insulin. In non diabetic patients, food becomes digested and glucose gets released into the blood. Insulin then transfers the glucose to areas such as liver cells, muscle, and/or fat where it is stored as a source until it is needed for energy. Patients without diabetes cannot remove the glucose from the blood, which results in the increased blood sugar levels.
In general, all people who are diagnosed with diabetes should take control by maintaining a proper diet and exercise plan. They should also be aware of their glucose levels with regular measurements and make sure they take their oral medications and take insulin injections in order to keep their sugar levels at an appropriate level.
Individuals with Type I diabetes lack the hormone insulin and therefore are required to take insulin. A majority of diabetics receive multiple insulin injections daily or utilize an insulin pump. An insulin pump is an apparatus that is worn outside of the body and it pumps insulin through a bendable tube to a tiny needle that is then inserted beneath the skin. The pump can be programmed to provide small amounts of short-acting insulin continuously throughout the day as well as supplementary doses before meals.
Some Tips on Taking Insulin for Type 1 Diabetes:
- Be sure to acquire your insulin as directed. You should try to take it even if you don’t feel well or are sick.
- Be in contact with your doctor and dietitian and discuss the time you eat and the amount of food you eat, this way your insulin regimen is adjusted suitably to your needs.
- Be consistent with your meals. Try to never skip any meals because your blood sugar can drop to a very low level especially if you have already taken an insulin injection.
- Keep track of your glucose levels on a regular basis as recommended by your doctor.
- Be sure to use your own needles since sharing them can put you at risk for other diseases such as hepatitis C and HIV.
- Store extra insulin in your refrigerator and keep it out of bright light and very hot places.
Individuals with Type 2 diabetes can be in control of their diabetes with regular diet, exercise, and anti-diabetic agents. To be in control of their diabetes some people might require insulin injections a few times a day.
Some Tips on taking oral agents or insulin for diabetes:
- Be familiar on how often to take your medication and be consistent with your schedule.
- Be aware that if the medications aren't effective, you may have to start using insulin if your blood sugar isn't lowered.
- Keep in mind that medication alone does not lower blood sugar and that diet and regular exercise play a crucial role.
- If you are overweight, try to lose some weight. Even a small quantity of weight loss can aid in lowering your blood sugar. There is the potential of stopping medication if you can lose the excess weight.